The island of Cyprus was first inhabited around 10,000 BCE and unique cultures were developed there. The island, situated some100 km from the coast of Syria, quickly became an important part of the southern Levant. It was highly involved in trade, a major supplier of copper and fine pottery wares. Throughout its history it was dominated  by major powers such as the Hittites, Mycenaean Greece, Assyria, Persia, and many more. 

    Late Neolithic / Ceramic Neolithic, ca. 4500-3900/3800 BCE
    Early Chalcolithic, ca. 3900/3800-3500 BCE
    Middle Chalcolithic, ca. 3500-2800 BCE
    Late Chalcolithic, ca. 2800-2500/2300 BCE
Early Bronze 
    Early Bronze / Early Cypriot I, ca. 2500/2300-2075 BCE
    Early Bronze / Early Cypriot II, ca. 2075-2000 BCE
    Early Bronze / Early Cypriot III, ca. 2000-1900 BCE
Middle Bronze 
    Middle Bronze / Middle Cypriot I, ca. 1900-1800 BCE
    Middle Bronze / Middle Cypriot II, ca. 1800-1725 BCE
    Middle Bronze / Middle Cypriot III, ca. 1725-1650/1600 BCE
    Late Bronze / Late Cypriot I, ca. 1650/1600-1475/1450 BCE
    Late Bronze / Late Cypriot II, ca. 1475/1450-1225/1200 BCE
    Late Bronze / Late Cypriot III, ca. 1225/1200-1050 BCE
    Geometric / Cypro-Geometric I, ca. 1050-950 BCE
    Geometric / Cypro-Geometric II, ca. 950-850 BCE
    Geometric / Cypro-Geometric III, ca. 850-750 BCE
    Archaic / Cypro-Archaic I, ca. 750-600 BCE
    Archaic / Cypro-Archaic II, ca. 600-475 BCE
    Classical / Cypro-Classical I, ca. 475-400 BCE
    Classical / Cypro-Classical II, ca. 400-325 BCE
    Hellenistic I, ca. 325-150 BCE
    Hellenistic II, ca. 150-50 BCE
    Roman I, ca. 50 BCE-150 CE
    Roman II, ca. 150-250 CE
    Roman III, ca. 250-750 CE
Byzantine, ca. 750-1191 CE
Medieval, 1191 CE-1571 CE